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Sunday, May 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Blood pressure and diabetes among West Indians in England compared with Jamaica found in the catalog.

Blood pressure and diabetes among West Indians in England compared with Jamaica

J. K. Cruickshank

Blood pressure and diabetes among West Indians in England compared with Jamaica

by J. K. Cruickshank

  • 142 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.D.) - University of Birmingham, Dept of Medicine, 1986.

Statementby John Kennedy Cruickshank.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13869762M

  Among whites, after adjusting for age and sex, compared with normal blood pressure group, hypertension had a more than threefold increased risk of developing diabetes (HR [95% CI –]), and prehypertension had a twofold increased risk ( [–]). These associations remained statistically significant, though attenuated Cited by: Diabetes and high blood pressure share an intricate relationship. Diabetes puts you at greater risk of high blood pressure and vice versa. The major problem is you can't feel high blood pressure but if it is present, your risk of cardiovascular disease increases significantly.. Here we learn more about it, along with what you can do to manage both your blood pressure and your type 2 diabetes.

ABSTRACT. Objective: To determine the prevalence and possible risk factors of hypertension in the rural community of Harmons, Manchester, Jamaica. Methods: The present study was conducted in Harmons over the span of one week. Community wide blood pressure measurements and health history data were recorded by an investigational team. Basic anthropometric data were also collected.   Treating High Blood Pressure and Diabetes. People with diabetes often have hypertension as well. But these don't need to be lifelong problems: Changes in eating and exercise habits can help.

Diabetes and high blood pressure can damage the kidneys and lead to kidney disease. You need to get checked for kidney disease if you have one of these conditions. Here are some other reasons to.   African-origin individuals in the United States have a higher prevalence of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) compared to Caucasians [].Several health disparities are related to these indicators, with the difference in education between African-descent individuals and Caucasians being one of the most important [2, 3].In addition, the current obesity epidemic affects ethnicities Cited by: 3.


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Blood pressure and diabetes among West Indians in England compared with Jamaica by J. K. Cruickshank Download PDF EPUB FB2

NRC Research: Diabetes Among Indians Too many American Indians suffer with Diabetes – Elders, adults, and youth alike. NRC Program Partners often tell our staff that as many as 30% to 35% of the people in their community have Diabetes.

Some say the prevalence is as high as 50 to 55%, or 1 in 2 people, compared to the US norm of 1 in 5. July 6, -- Tight control of high blood pressure, recommended for those with diabetes by national guidelines, gives no better results than moderate control, according to a new study. ''The.

Cardiovascular complication rates among matched groups of black and white diabetics in England were compared with those among black diabetics in Kingston, Jamaica. Raised or uncontrolled blood pressure (≥ /95 mmHg) was common in all groups but Cited by: 3.

Following logistic regression analysis, the main risk factors for hypertension are being female, advancing age, obesity, having diabetes and having a family history of hypertension.

Jamaica has a point prevalence of hypertension of % in the and-over age by: People with diabetes and high blood pressure are more at risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Know what’s a safe blood pressure for you. If you have diabetes, you need your blood pressure checked by a healthcare professional at least once a year.

This check is one of your 15 Healthcare Essentials and is a vital part of your diabetes health care. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in Jamaica. Jamaica has an area of 4, square miles and is divided into 14 parishes. The visited districts were randomly.

Native Americans with diabetes have had important improvements: Use of medicines to protect kidneys increased from 42% to 74% in 5 years.

Average blood pressure in those with hypertension was well-controlled (/76 mmHg). Blood sugar control improved by 10%. Observational studies have shown that elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with future onset of type 2 diabetes, but whether this association is causal is not known.

We applied the Mendelian randomization framework to evaluate the causal hypothesis that elevated SBP increases risk for type 2 diabetes.

We used 28 genetic variants associated with SBP and evaluated Cited by:   Patients with diabetes who also have hypertension are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events.

However, blood pressure control is frequently suboptimal in the primary care setting. Large clinical trials support the use of antihypertensive medications in these patients to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and by: Blood pressure seems to be less affected by obesity and hyperinsulinemia in American Indians compared with other populations.

Nevertheless, hypertension should be aggressively treated and controlled in American Indians because it is a known precursor to morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes and cardiovascular by: Diabetes among Indian Americans.

Asian Indians in the US have the highest risk for diabetes that develops at a younger age and at lower body mass index (BMI). 1 Compared with whites, Asian Indians have three times the risk of diabetes, when adjusted for age, sex, and BMI and the risk is substantially higher than all minorities in the US (Figure ).

High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to many complications of diabetes, including diabetic eye disease and kidney disease, or make them people with diabetes will eventually have. Conquer High Blood Pressure.

Nearly 1 in 3 American adults has high blood pressure, and 2 of 3 people with diabetes report having high blood pressure or take prescription medications to lower their blood pressure.

When your blood pressure is high, your heart has to work harder and your risk for heart disease, stroke, and other problems goes up. In England and Wales, perhaps due to the healthy migrant effect, total West Indian migrant mortality in the s was 10% lower than the national average but proportional mortality ratios from diabetes were about four times greater than average for both men and women of West Indian birth (Figure ).

Download: Download full-size image Figure –78 mortality ratios from diabetes Cited by: Ethnic Factors in Health and Disease by John Kennedy Cruickshank, J.K. Cruickshank, Editor-D. Beevers Hardcover, Pages, Published by Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd ISBNISBN:   Overlapping characteristics of diabetes and high blood pressure.

A study in China focused its research on how obesity, inflammation, oxidative stress, and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes may influence blood pressure levels. The study suggests that both conditions — diabetes and hypertension — result from the onset of low-grade inflammation and that both should be.

The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate type 2 diabetes risk among Asian Indians of Kerala ethnicity living in a West Texas County of the USA.

The study used a descriptive correlational design with thirty-seven adult nondiabetic Asian Indian subjects between 20 and 70 years of age. The measurement included nonbiochemical indices of obesity, family history of type 2 diabetes, length Cited by: 2.

OVER the past 10 years the prevalence of high blood pressure has increased by about two per cent in the age group and five per cent in the. Diabetes and the Ministry. It was identified at a recent conference that diabetes is of growing concern in Jamaica. Diabetes and other chronic diseases account for more than 50 percent of deaths in the country.

It is one of the top five reasons for hospital visits in Jamaica. In patients with diabetes, the Joint National Committee on the Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) recommends a target BP of Cited by: 8.

Over 30 million have now been diagnosed with diabetes in India. The CPR (Crude prevalence rate) in the urban areas of India is thought to be 9 per cent. In rural areas, the prevalence is approximately 3 per cent of the total population. The population of India is now more than million: this helps [ ].c Blood pressure should be measured at every routine clinical care visit.

Patients found to have an elevated blood pressure ($/90 mmHg) should have blood pressure confirmed using multiple readings, including measurements on a sep-arate day, to diagnose hypertension.

B c All hypertensive patientswith diabetes should have home blood pressure mon-Cited by:   Diabetes mellitus (DM) and essential hypertension are common conditions that are frequently present together.

Both are considered risk factors for cardiovascular disease and microvascular complications and therefore treatment of both conditions is essential. Many papers were published on blood pressure (BP) targets in diabetic patients, including several works published in the Cited by: